Reflection on War

Our world has changed over the years because of many different things. War is one of the reasons for a significant change in our society. Thinking back on World War I and World War II we can see that so much has evolved. Our society has grown, and there have been so many new advancements in technology. Hearing this, you could say that war helps us to grow, but the damage it causes affects many people’s lives. In most wars, people are often killed and families are left to suffer. Young men who joined the army during these times put themselves at major risk since the wars attacked them physically, mentally, and emotionally as well.

In All Quiet on the Western Front, written by Erich Maria Remarque, when Paul is given leave and returns home he feels uneasy, the war had changed him. The experiences he had faced made him stronger but they had affected him emotionally. When he saw civilians amongst the streets on his way home, they greeted him since he was in uniform. Paul disliked these interactions since he felt that emotionally, these civilians could in no way relate to the people who fought in the war. This is important because if there wasn’t anyone willing to risk their own lives in war, then there would only be more damage done. With no one to support one another, people are bound to fall.

Looking back on these past wars, we must remember the people who risked their own lives to create a more sustained future for us. We must use these past wars to educate ourselves on how people lived during those times, the violence which occurred, and what the result was. To help ourselves change our thoughts on war, we must look more towards the negative effects of war. Then people will begin to believe that there are no benefits that come from it. This will help us prevent wars from occurring in the future and advance together as a society. There will always be people in this world who will not agree with this, but I believe that if we work together we will succeed in creating a safe future for generations to come.

Every year on November 11, we have Remembrance Day. On this day we acknowledge the armistice of the end of World War I. Most people wear a red poppy which symbolizes the lives of the men and women who fought during the war, we wear the poppy to show that we care. After the war had ended, poppies grew where the battle had taken place, which is why it is used as a symbol on this day. The poem “In Flanders Fields,” written by John McRae was inspired by the poppies which grew on the battlefield.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

From these few lines within the poem, we are listening to the voices of the soldiers who had fallen on the battleground. They are sharing with us their lives, what they used to feel with warmth, how they were once loved, and where they now lie. They are trying to teach us to take advantage of every day, to spend more time with those you love, and to follow what you feel is right. Life is valuable, and we can’t take advantage of it, but we can use it to do the right thing.

This poem is often chosen to be read during ceremonies on remembrance day since it talks about World War I from the perspective of the soldiers. It addresses the battlefield where the war had been fought and how it had been such a life-altering incident for many individuals across the world. If I was to ever be given the privilege of organizing a remembrance day ceremony I would decorate the area of the event with poppies, and give every individual who comes to support the event a red poppy. To help symbolize hope and respect shown by everyone there. There would also be various flags that represented where the soldiers who fought in the war came from. The ceremony would begin with an acknowledgment of the land we are currently occupying, which is Songhees and First Nations land. There would then be a speech by a government official on the war, who would reflect on how it had greatly affected our society. After this speech, we would have 2 minutes of silence to reflect on the war ourselves. Then there would be the reading of “Flanders Fields,” by a young school student. Once this reading is finished we would end the ceremony and say thank you to all who came and supported the cause alongside us.


Fc Bayern München / Personal Writing / 11/7/2019

History of Fc Bayern Munich

No other German football team has collected more trophies than FC Bayern Munich. The club comes from Säbener Straße for 25 national championships. The first title was won in 1932, the other 24 in the Bundesliga, founded in 1963. But also in the DFB Cup FC Bayern is with 18 titles lonely top.

First Successes

The success story of the FCB began in 1900, when FC Bayern quickly gained a leading role first in Munich and then in the Bavarian football region. In 1920 the club already had more than 700 members, and after the South German Championship the Bavarians won the German Championship for the first time in 1932. When the German Football Bundesliga was founded in 1963, FC Bayern was initially only a spectator – despite winning the DFB Cup in 1957. Two years later, however, the Reds under the leadership of legendary coach Tschik Cajkovski also kicked in the upper house. An extraordinary success story began. Because in addition to Franz Beckenbauer, one of the first great names in the history of the club, Franz Beckenbauer, is already appearing. Several more should follow.

Ascent to the top European club 

The golden decade of the association was undoubtedly the 1970s. The FCB has been playing in the Olympic Stadium since 1972. Although the club won only four national titles in this decade, the myth of FC Bayern Munich began. Under coach Udo Lattek, the international champions achieved an almost unsurpassed masterpiece with their winning streak in the European Cup of Champions (the predecessor of the Champions League) from 1974 to 1976 and winning the World Cup. Franz Beckenbauer, Paul Breitner, Uli Hoeneß, Gerd Müller and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge still stand for the successes of that time. Gerd Müller, the bomber of the nation, still leads the list of the best scorers today.

The new millennium

But it should be the last big international titles for the record champion until the turn of the millennium. It was only under coach Ottmar Hitzfeld that FC Bayern started to play at the top of the Champions League again. After the unfortunate final defeat against Manchester United in 1999, the time had come on 23 May 2001: FC Bayern won the Champions League again after 25 years. FC Bayern has already won a total of eight German championships this millennium, the DFB Cup six times, the World Cup once and the Champions League twice. Since the 2005/06 season, the impressive Allianz Arena, built for the 2006 World Cup, has been the club’s new venue.

2013 – the year of triple triumph

In the 2012/2013 season, FC Bayern finally managed to bring the German championship back to Munich after losing last year’s final at home and second place in the championship and to perfect their long-awaited victory in the Champions League. In the first German Champions League final, the German record champion won 2:1 against Borussia Dortmund in London’s Wembley Stadium. FC Bayern was the first German and seventh European club to achieve the big triple. Since then, Bavaria has dominated the Bundesliga – and in 2019 they won the championship for the seventh time in a row.


Reflection on War

WWI was the first war that had involved many countries and had more lasting consequences than any other wars in history. WWI killed more than 9 million soldiers and 6 million civilians, leaving 7 million men permanently disabled. It had resulted in the decline of monarchies in Russia, Austria, Hungary, Germany, and Turkey. It has also shattered the development of peace, which had lasted for 100 years before WWI.

The Remembrance day started after WWI ended. Although people celebrated it, WWII still happened. The way we choose to remember the wars tells us about the values of our society. Typically, we remember wars because we want to honour those who have lost their lives in war. We also recognize that the country needs people to continue to offer themselves forward to fight in the future. But this does not serve our world forwards, because it suggests that the military is ready to serve its next sacrifice, and does little to prevent future wars.

We should remember past wars for unity and peace. To prevent future conflicts, we need to reflect on how each war had thrust up entirely unexpected and dreading consequences to the participating generation. During the inception of WWI, people were stirred up about the grand beliefs of romantic national glory. The poem: “The Soldier” by Rupert Brooke portrays death for England as a glorious, noble end:

” If I should die, think only this of me:
That there’s some corner of a foreign field
That is forever England.”

Other patriotic poems, such as “In Flanders Fields” and “Marching Men” resemble the themes of Remembrance day. They tend to focus on the noble sacrifices that the soldiers made for their countries. For example:

“Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw the torch;
be yours to hold it high.” (In Flanders Fields by John McRae)

These lines encourage the continuity of nationalism and emphasize the proudness to serve in the army.

The endless trench wars in WWI shattered those ideas. In the novel All Quiet on the Western Front, Paul and his schoolmates were persuaded to enlist in the German army by their patriotic schoolmaster, only to find that the war is not romantic at all.

“We loved our country as much as they; we went courageously into every action, but also we distinguished the false from true, we had suddenly learned to see. And we saw that there was nothing of their world left.” (p.13) It shows that as much as Paul and the other soldiers loved their country, the avoidable trauma from the war due to patriotism was unforgivable. Their experiences in the war had destroyed their values as schoolboys, and they “have become a wasteland.” (p.20)

WWI poetry had also reflected upon this change of attitudes towards war. An example would be “Dulce et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen. The poem uses many stanzas to describe gruesome scenes of the war. It ends with:

“My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old lie: Dulce et decorum est pro-Patria Mori.”

This sentence leaves a lasting impact, especially if you compare it with the earlier WWI poems. We can also connect this difference with All Quiet on the Western Front. The novel shows us to war from the perspective of a young man who has experienced and witnessed war. It is the same perspective as the narrator of Dulce et Decorum Est. The patriotic views are from people like the schoolmaster Kantorek and John McRae. The contrast between the literature produced from different perspectives shows that we might never relate to the veterans from the wars.

Just as no one saw the consequences of trench warfare and bombardment, WWII started when no one could predict the effects of using nuclear weapons. The significant forces believed that they were capable of combat and had taken stands. But the Holocaust and the invention of atomic bombs had startled the world. There will be no doubt that if WWIII happens, it will consist of conventional, nuclear, cyber, drones, and other unknown technologies to once again pull the development of human history into the wrong path. We can never underestimate what the future will look like, and because of this, we need to remember what the previous wars have told us.

The most obvious ways to prevent wars are diplomacy and arms control because war is a social phenomenon that arises from decisions made by political and military leaders.

Therefore, it’s essential to be educated about the roots of conflict and to question the rationalities. I think having a democratic government is an advantage because the press and the public are informed about all decisions. Another great strategy we can use is to address the awareness of climate change. I think that the emergence of popular cultures is also an excellent barrier for conflicts to happen because the generation is more open to other cultures. We live in a society more capable of receiving information, so we can exercise our abilities to evaluate the information we collect. We are more conscious of our thoughts, and we are less likely to be influenced by the blindness of propaganda. The acceptance of diversity and confidence in expressing our identities are also beneficial. We are capable of sharing our thoughts on social media, and make a stand for our preferences. If Paul and his schoolmates were able to reject serving the army, and no one would criticize them, the war wouldn’t happen as soon as people learned the cruelty and trauma enforced to the soldiers.

Trauma is a significant theme in this unit. The short story “soldiers home,” written by Ernest Hemingway, expresses it as an effect shown through the resolution of the war. After Krebs returns from the war, he is helplessly disconnected from everyone else in the town and rejects establishing any connections with others.

“He did not want to tell any more lies. It wasn’t worth it.” (p.3) The barriers between individuals could not be more distant by lies. He is unable to connect his true self with anyone.

The isolation from others also manifests itself in All quiet on the western front: In chapter 7, Paul receives a 14-day break, and he returns home to visit his family.

“But now I see that I have been crushed without knowing it. I find I do not belong here anymore, it is a foreign world.” (p.168) He feels unable to connect to his past life, and all he has left is the war. They both share a lack of desire to communicate with other people. When Kreb’s mother asks him if he loves her, he says: “I don’t love anybody.” (p.9)

Soldiers’ homes didn’t express the details of the war. In all quiet on the western front, it includes many aspects of the gruesomeness of the war. Looking back on history, we might be all too concerned with the significant patterns of things and forget about the rather simple and straightforward facts. The pure horror of destruction, elimination, and devastation caused by poison gas, armoured tanks, and shell bombardments should take into account.

The pamphlet that I read from the class was “Canada Netherlands Pays-Bas Nederland.” The participation of Canadian soldiers in the liberation of the Netherlands contributed an end to WWII. Similar to remembrance day, it talks about Canadian soldiers that died for the freedom to happen. An official bill passed the remembrance day by the Canadian Parliament in 1921, but it doesn’t only serve the purpose of remembering the ones who die for the nation in WWI, but also in all other wars. Many Canadian soldiers sacrificed their lives for this purpose, and thus Canada recognizes Remembrance Day.

But something feels quite off about the celebration of Remembrance day, especially if you connect it to the literature of WWI.

A remembrance day ceremony should change the core concept of mourning those who sacrificed into alerting the cruelty of the war. Instead of reading patriotic and honouring poems such as “In Flanders Fields,” I think it is better to read poems such as “Anthem for Doomed Youth.” Instead of remembering their deaths as the noble sacrifices for the country, we should not forget it as a horrific mass murder. If we look at the structure of “Anthem for Doomed Youth,” we can see that it suits perfectly for this purpose. The poem is an iambic pentameter because there are mostly five stressed syllables in a row. However, there are a few lines that do not follow this pattern, and it creates an uneasy sense for the reader. For example:

Only the monstrous anger of the guns.” (line2) In this line, we can find four stressed syllables, which disrupts the smooth delivery it would have as iambic pentameter. If we connect this to the short story and the novel, we might realize how we are never able to relate to veterans truly. For example:

“They feel it, but always with only half of themselves, the rest of their being is taken up with other things, they are so divided in themselves that none feels it with his whole essence.” (All Quiet on the Western Front p.169)

The above example is precisely why the importance of Remembrance day seems a bit slanted for me. If I were to organize a ceremony, it would take place at a graveyard. The pamphlet I read includes many cemeteries around the world that serve peace for soldiers (p.24). However, I would want patriotic signs excluded from the ceremony, but instead to only focus on the trauma of the war and the importance of preventing it. This is because any involvement for nationalism in topics of wars suggests the support of the military. There should be two speeches given. The authorities of the government should hold one. It should be about the desire for peace and the stance against war. Then I want to invite a veteran who would tell us their story. I would exclude the red poppies, as it resembles the patriotism from the poem In Flanders Fields.


Blog WW1

War is known as, armed fighting between two or more countries or groups. With many different types of war, like the nuclear, religion based and civil war it is important to make clear wich sort of war you are referring to. In this Blog post I will be writing about world wars, specifically WW1.

First of all, lets talk about the consequences of war. For the people directly involved in a war, like WW1 the biggest problem was the mental health and stability of the usually young men. With books like, All quiet on the western front, a primary source of the first world war we have proof what the war, no matter what kind, does to these men. The first sentence of chapter 11 in the novel

We count the weeks no more.

demonstrates this. They have given up they don’t even believe in time any more or when they can go home, the war has broken them and their will to live. This was mainly caused by the constant fear to die, suffering losses in your own lines and even the killing of the enemies. All these and even more factors caused all these, mostly innocent, soldiers to lose the life they had and be put in a different one, where everything is empty and there is no future. In the short story ~In our time~  by Ernest  Hemingway we join a soldier after the war who is unable to connect to society and who cannot feel human motions anymore.

Now why did so many people go to these wars, if they were so horrible and cruel. This was mainly thanks to the peer pressure the countries applied to the young folk.  Who ever didn’t want to risk their live for his Country would be abandoned from the social scene and even your own parents. On top of that, with most older citizens telling them how glorious and honorable the war was, most men didn’t know what they were getting into. And looking at poems like ~Dulce et Decorum Est1 ~ telling the truth it is not hard to tell how broken most of the men were, directly through the war or indirectly. But it was not only the elderly the whole world was thinking in these patterns as described by Cecil Woodham-Smith in ~ The reason why~.

Now it is not hard to see why we should NEVER repeat something as horrible as WW1 or WW2 again. But how could we achieve this? Now to let all people see how horrible those wars were, we can simply show them all the photos,poems and short stories. We have the chance to learn from their mistakes and do better should it ever be considered an option. War has to always be the last was to settle differences.

Remembrance day

I would refer to the end of the short story of Hemingway, in which he says that we should not just thank them and pray we should help them and stay on their side since they have sacrificed their entire life for this cause and ultimately us. So i would not organize a big orchestra or a group of dancers, I would kepp it raw, just a microphone and our respects.

All the war heroes would have the chance to share their pain and say what lies on those hearts. I would also let all the participants pay their respects to all the ones who have fallen, no matter under which circumstances or which age, because we have absolutely no right to judge them and their actions.

Finally I would have some readings. Poems like ~Flanders fields~ and passages out of books like ~All quiet on the western front~  which represent the war and its terrible consequences to show once again why events like that should never be repeated.




War, in the popular sense, a conflict among political groups involving hostilities of considerable duration and magnitude.  The analysis of war may be divided into several categories. Philosophical, political, economic, technological, legal, sociological, and psychological approaches are frequently distinguished. Consequences, one of the most obvious consequence of war is displaced persons. Millions of people and families who lived apart of their sons.  Sometimes there is nothing to return to, sometimes it renders millions stateless. All over the world people are fighting and dying, suffering and sacrificing, praying and purposing that, men have invented bigger and better weapons of destruction. People have tried before to find a way of preventing war, but they have not succeeded.

It was so interesting reading all this poems and this novel All Quiet on the Western Front, Everything we read in this book was very interesting because I understood all the pain and suffering that these soldiers and their parents had when they knew everything that came for them, to sacrifice themselves but to defend their country and the poems gave very interesting messages.

This celebration called Remembrance Day is very important for these families and for the country to remember for all the effort made by these soldiers, sacrificing their lives and giving value to their country. If I were to organize a Remembrance Day ceremony for the soldiers who sacrificed their lives and that their parents supported their decision and to protect our country I would invite their family, friends, and more soldiers, give them a good dinner with classical music and remembering good times reading things they left before going to war or happy moments they did before they died and have a great night celebrating those great soldiers.




War Blog Post

World War One was a military conflict lasting from 1914 to 1918. Nearly all the biggest powers of the world were involved. The war was cruel and 8 million soldiers died and 22 million were injured. This was the first time when chemical weapons were used. The youngest soldiers were just 12 years old and lived under poor condition. The people who were involved were very poor and they saw lots of dead people and they starved and a lot of soldiers died from diseases. The war is a inhuman cruelity for every human.

The consequences of the World War One was that everything was destroyed, no normal life was possibile and everything has to start from the beginning. The people had to build up their life. There were as well political and economical impacts to the different countries. The soldiers were traumatized all their lives and often had to live with physical limitations. The rest of the population also suffered from the cruel events of the war.

The past has our main lesson to teach us to understand why this war happened and how to prevent it’s happening again. It’s important to remember everything and to forget nothing about the war.

It should be necessary for preventing wars in the future that everybody learns history in school so that everybody knows how terrible a war was. The knowledge should help that everybody is against wars. Only those who are concerned with violence, brutality, who has consciously dealt with suffering and death in war will always speak out against war.

World war one altered the world for decades and writers and poets reflected that shifted outlook in literature in poetry. John Mc Crae uppon seeing how red poppies grew in the fields that had been ravaged by bombs and litered with bodies vote in Flanders Fields. The poem, memorialysing the death of his friend and fellow soldier would later be used to recruit soldiers. In Flanders Fields Mc Crae’s land patreotic tones to the sacrifices of war early in the conflict and later it spawned darker reflections.

On the other hand the book All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque reflects the life of the soldiers with all awful and cruel war situations of the war.

If i have to organize a Remembrance Day ceremony at school, everybody will get a red poppy to put on it’s clothes. The school will observe five minutes silence for pupils and stuff along with a special assembly. I would use this day to raise funds for peace projects.  There should be only one theme „ war and peace“ about which the pupils have to discuss the whole day.  I think the school executive principale has  to give a speech, in which students are encouraged to fight for peace and to participate in peace projects themselves. I would not use the day to read war literature, i think it would be better to actively discuss with the pupils about war and peace. Hopefully this is the right way to learn students  about war in the past and peace all over the world in future.



Summative Assessment, WWI.

WWI was better known as the Great War. It was a fight between different countries including Allied Powers and Central Powers. This war took place in Europe, Africa, Middle East, China and finally in the Indian and North and South Atlantic Ocean. It started on July 28th, 1914 and finished on November 11th, 1918. (4 years, 3 months and 2 weeks). This war is remembered as a fight that had a lot of lost soldiers in battle, but it is also remembered as a new start, a new start to make a better place. The remembrance day is celebrated on November 11th. This day recalls the end of the hostility of the First World War. This event is also called Poppy Day.

“We were eighteen and had begun to love life and the world, and we had to shoot it to pieces. The first bomb, the first explosion, burst in our hearts. We are cut off from activity, from striving, from progress. We believe in such things no longer, we believe in the war.”(Ch. 5)

This is a quote from the book: All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque. This book was part of the readings in class. It explains the view of how WWI was and how young people like the narrator took place in the war. I really think that going to the war at that age was something really brave.

This was some of the issues people had to deal with in war, and when it was already ceased.

Economic Issues: Germany and Great Britain spent 60% of the money the economy produced. They also had to ask for money to other countries and they had to make more money to buy different guns needed for war.

Social Issues: The war changed all the society, all the birth rates decreased in big quantities, a lot of people lost their home due to the bombardier planes. Women also started to replace men in factories and offices. The people in the upper class lost most of their power leading in the society.

Political Issues: This war brought the end of 4 different monarchies: Russia, Germany, Austria and the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. There were also new countries made out of the old empires.

In the last years, humans have been learning how to prevent all the conflicts and wars as possible, they can only be prevented just if we have a lot of hard thinking. There are a lot of factors that have been contributing for example: reducing armed conflicts of proxy wars, there are some research such as the Human Security that have pointed that peace negotiations reduce the violent conflicts even if they are not successful.

If I had to organize a ceremony for the remembrance day I definitely would invite all the veterans and the families that had lost someone in the war. Each ceremony has some readings so I would like to read Flanders Fields that is a nice poem that can commemorate soldiers.


Reflection on War

The armed conflicts between states, governments, and countries, etc, include consequences such as extreme violence, destruction, and aggression. World War 1 is remembered due to the heavy loses faced but also the advances in warfare. It is memorialized by celebrating Remembrance Day on November 11th, which marks the end of the war. People wear artificial red poppies on their clothes to symbolize the memory of those who died in the war. Citizens pause for two minutes of a silent tribute and attend commemorative ceremonies. People have tried preventing wars before but did not succeed. Wars can only be settled by the will of the majority if they choose to think wisely about the effects and consequences.

As I was reading poems about the war and the novel ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’ I came to understand what soldiers and their families go through during the times of war. The sights were awfully discomforting and unpleasant. The war affects soldiers physically and mentally through severe injuries, shocks, and traumas. WW1 had a big impact on the families. As most soldiers had gone to fight in the war, women had to replace men in the workforce, this put a lot of pressure on the older members of the families as they had to work and support the youngers. The families were scared about the dads or brothers going off to war as they might not be able to see each other again, whereas, some children were confused when their dads or brothers did return from the war because the did not understand the effects of the trauma they had and didn’t know how to communicate with them.

On Remembrance Day these families remember their loved ones who gave their lives for their beloved country. If I were to organize a Remembrance Day ceremony for the fallen martyrs, I would invite their families for a silent lunch and ask them to spend time near their tombs if they wished to. In schools, there would be a flag hoisting ceremony and a moment of silence for our martyrs. The news channels around the country could talk about how much we appreciate their courage and determination. There would be a national holiday and a few hours of silence on the streets. The government would give the families better-living facilities as soldiers do not have proper incomes.


IRJE – Life of Pi – Part 2

In Life of Pi, by Yann Martel, Pi’s life is quite literally drowning. Accompanied by his family and many zoo animals from his home in India, Pi sets off on a ship, Tsimstsum, to start a new life in Canada. However, a catastrophe occurs when the ship sinks due to a mechanical issue. Pi, along with only a few animals, manages to escape to the lifeboat. However, his family isn’t so fortunate. Scared, alone, and unbalanced, Pi has to rely on his inner strength, while simultaneously balancing the care of the animals he’s on board with. Initially, Pi struggles to coexist with the animals, particularly the tiger, Richard Parker. After a sudden realization that he was sharing a lifeboat with a wild animal, followed by a rapid exit off the lifeboat, Pi realizes that in order to survive this journey, he needs to find a way to live alongside the zoo animals.

I wonder if those who hear this story will understand that my behaviour was not an act of insanity or a covert suicide attempt, but a simple necessity. Either I tamed him, made him see who was Number One and who was Number Two– or I died the day I wanted to climb aboard the lifeboat during rough weather and he objected (p.229).

I found this passage quite thought provoking, for several reasons. Even though Pi’s constantly facing near death experiences, he’s still considering what others may think about his situation. Why is he focusing on what other people think about him? Is this simply human nature? Potentially, he could be doing it as a way to maintain his sanity, because at this point he didn’t have any form of human interaction. Or maybe our society can’t survive without the validation of others, which is something I detect in many people now, regardless if they let it show. Another thing I found fascinating about this scene is that Pi is sincerely making an effort to coexist with his fears, which in this case is Richard Parker, the tiger. Perhaps we should all look at the fact that Pi’s living on a lifeboat with a tiger, as an inspiration to accept and live with the challenges we may face, as well as our most genuine fears.



I find war to be a disturbance to the peace. All the aggression and glorification of war are leading to further conflicts. I find that government officials and military leaders are more focused on increasing their military power than considering the harm done to innocent individuals within their region, and around the world. When we read “Soldiers Home” and “All Quiet on the Western Front,” I found the details to be disturbing. I think the authors writing novels like this do a great job of expressing the hardships people go through in war but it seems they still embrace war through their writing.


If wars are going to be remembered, they should be remembered everyday. We should take a moment to remember those that died, and take a moment of silence. When we keep embracing war and telling ourselves we are in the right, we often tend to try and increase that feeling we give ourselves, which can lead to aggression.This leads to further conflicts. I think people should not only remember the dead on Remembrance Day, but they should remember those who died privately every single day. When we pick one particular day to remember a topic, (such as war) it suggests that we don’t actually think about the matter any other day. In a way, it shows disrespect to those that died, as we pick only one out of 365 days to remember these fallen soldiers.

If I had to organize a ceremony, I would invite anyone in the audience whose spouse was a veteran who has died, to come up and speak about their partners life and experience. I would ask them to share what was going through their partners mind at the time, when they found out they were going to war. Hopefully, these stories would go through individuals minds, and remind them that war never has to be the final answer. And if war is the final answer, we should find ways to fight a peaceful war; such as a game chess (etc.). There would be no pamphlets or readings in my ceremony, as words on paper never cut deep enough into people’s hearts like the words that come from the mouth of a living spirit. Speeches, tears, and social exchanges, are my way of remembering those that died in a war that was so dreadful.


The Truth

In The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini, a week has passed since the incident between Hassan and Assef. Amir has not seen Hassan for a week but has woken up every day with breakfast already made, along with his clothes ironed and folded. In the past, Hassan would wait for Amir to get up, then he would start ironing clothes and talk with him. One dull morning Ali walked into the kitchen, Amir asked him where Hassan was. Ali looked at Amir with a worried look on his face and told him that Hassan had gone back to sleep…

“Lately, it seems all he wants to do is sleep. He does his chores—I see to that—but then he just wants to crawl under his blanket. Can I ask you something?” (p. 85)

I feel that this quote is important because it tells us that Hassan has yet to tell his father what had happened to him. Instead of telling the truth, Hassan hides under his blanket and gets up to only complete his chores and nothing else. He chooses to get up earlier to avoid Amir. After he completes the job he goes back to the shed outside and stays there until the next morning. I believe that Hassan does this to protect himself from the outside world. This abrupt change in behavior makes Ali worry about Hassan. In time, we will see that the truth will be let out, but from whom? Will it be Hassan or Amir? Is the truth going to be enough to restore their friendship? Only time will tell…


IRJE: Nov. 1 (Oathbringer)

In Oathbringer, book three of the Stormlight Archive by Brandon Sanderson, religion is an integral part of society. The Vorin people worship a god called the Almighty, and each individual tries to please him throughout their lifetime by displaying and acting in accord with the divine attributes. Ardents, such as Kadash, are the people who help keep individuals on track in their life, so that they will go to the Tranquiline Halls when they die (which is essentially the equivalent of Heaven). Dalinar Kholin, uncle to the king of Alethkar and who in reality makes all the decisions for the kingdom, has learned that the Almighty has died through divine visions, and has announced this to the highprinces of Alethkar. Furthermore, Dalinar has married his late brother’s widow, which is not considered acceptable in Vorin culture. The ardents are extremely displease with him, and view the proclamation and marriage as symbols of Dalinar’s heresy. Ardent Kadash accuses Dalinar of no longer respecting Vorin traditions.

“I love tradition,” Dalinar said to Kadash. “I’ve fought for tradition. I make my men follow the codes. I uphold Vorin virtues. But merely being tradition does not make something worthy, Kadash. We can’t just assume that because something is old it is right.” (p. 174)

I think that Dalinar is completely right in saying that old is not the same as right, and I think almost everyone is constantly mistaking these two things. Often it seems people are uncomfortable with change, even when the current way of doing things or current beliefs were created in a completely different time when the human race needed completely different things. For instance, it’s insane to expect an education system established hundreds of years ago to serve our current needs, yet in most cases we have only marginally altered it, and that only started happening in force a few years ago. Another example is climate change, something we didn’t used to know anything about, and so didn’t do anything about. Now that we realize its real and so extremely impactful, we cannot continue to behave in the same way we did previously. The human race develops at an exponential rate, and that rate is only getting quicker. We have to be able to accept that times change and adapt our methods and beliefs to fit that.


WDolan_IRJE ‘Elijah of Buxton’

‘Elijah of Buxton,’  is a novel based upon the life of Elijah who is the first black child in Buxton, Canada (a place where runaway slaves went into hiding), to be born free from slavery. Although he may be seen as a hero, many refer to him as fragile as he is afraid of snakes. During the quote below, the narrator is explaining about how Elijah has tracked down the thief who stole money from his friend that was hoping to buy his family out of slavery, and has found a baby called Hope. They are on their way to freedom, and Elijah is reminding himself and the baby, that they are returning to freedom. Whether they make it back in time? We don’t know.

“Today you’re truly free, and you choosed the most beautifullest, most perfectest day for doing it!” pg. 341

I chose to write about this quote, as I think this comment expresses a hopeful feeling Elijah encounters. Elijah is explaining to Hope that she chose perfect timing to show up, when he tracked down the thief that stole his friends money. This quote really speaks to me; as the author is writing about an eleven year old that is of the same ethnicity as me and in the country to be born free of slavery, and talks about being free as if he endured years of pain.



My friends and I like to go trick-or-treating on Halloween because it is really funny too wear costumes, eat candy and go house to house to get trick-or-treating. I had the most fun on the Halloween when me and my friends wear weird costumes and take pictures with people we don’t know and laugh about that and also we like halloween party´s. The best costume I ever wore was a vampire. on halloween I love to decorate my house with scary stuff with my family, it is really funny. This halloween I didn’t enjoy it, I missed what I do in halloween with my Mexican friends and family. They make my halloween really Cool and fun. Watching all my friends from my city with their costumes and making noice when we sing in the car. When I was younger I remember when me and my cousins we always went to go trick-or-treating and they wear really funny costumes, and when we sing halloween songs to the people, Mexican traditional song. I remember that when I was going back home I was really happy to eat and go counting my candy. I love chocolate and spicy candy, and its  really funny because we get to many of spicy candy, everything can be spicy here in Mexico.


IRJE: November 1st (Crime and Punishment)

Crime and Punishment, written by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, is about the physical and mental struggles of Raskolnikov, a former student who madly murders an old pawnbroker and is overwhelmed by feelings of guilt. He returns to his room after the murder and anxiously checks for traces of blood. Then he hides the items he stole from the pawnbroker in haste and becomes frustrated with himself. The servant of his landlady wakes him up the next morning and tells him that he is summoned to the police station. Although it is unlikely that the police will suspect him for the murder, he is extremely worried.

If they question me, perhaps I’ll simply tell,” he thought, as he drew near the police station.” (p.77)

It is interesting to see how his thoughts can change so fast. He is defeated by guilt after the murder and made an effort destroying the evidence. However, I think that he almost hopes for the police to question him about the murder so that he wouldn’t need to keep it all to himself. He gave himself an instant boost of courage. This sentence also indicates the following plot. It tells us that Raskolnikov will eventually confess his crime. This makes me think that Raskolnikov would be in a much better situation if he had someone that he trusts. But that is a luxury, and Raskolnikov was impoverished.


Alex Rider / Independent Reading

The book Alex Rider Stormbreaker written by Anthony Horowitz is about an orphaned boy, who became after the death of his uncle Ian Rider a secret agent at MI6. In chapter 5 Alex Rider is on a training mission. His task is to luug a twenty-two pound backpack to the final redez-vous point.
He was close to exhaustion, he knew, almost too tired to know how much pain he was in. (p.57)
Swallowing down the taste of defeat, Alex folded the map and forced himself on. (p.57)
This quote is pretty interesting, because I know this situation very well from swimming competitions.  In some competitions over long distances i have to force myself to continue swimming even though i’m already quite exhausted.  When i read this quote i could identify myself directly with Alex.

All Quiet on the Western Front

In All Quiet on the Western Front, written by Erich Maria Remarque, we follow the life of a young man named Paul Baumer. Who is an enlisted soldier in the German army fighting during the time of World War I. Paul narrates not only his own life but the life of his friends as well, who had joined the army alongside him. They had all been greatly influenced to join the army by their former school teacher, Kantorek.

During drill-time Kantorek gave us long lectures until the whole of our class went, under his shepherding, to the District Commandant and volunteered. (p. 11)

The quote above reveals what Paul and his classmates experienced while in lessons with Kantorek. Lessons which often encouraged them towards joining the army. I feel that Kantorek had an endless fire burning inside him, which was used to teach the youth and support the German army in any way he could. Kantorek was the reason why Paul and many of his friends volunteered towards serving the army, but after spending several weeks away from home, Paul viewed Kantorek as an ignorant fool.

With Kantorek, I believe that he is one of the reasons why Paul and his friends had been caught in such a mess. While in the war they had endured so much pain. Sustained not only by stress but by witnessing death as well. Death was common in the War, and with it followed depression and anger by those who yet lived. It is important for us to take into mind, not only the deaths which have occurred within the book but how the soldiers must have felt after Kemmerich had died. They knew that he would be better off without feeling any more pain but still, they mourned because he was no longer with them. With this novel, I don’t believe that many of us can relate to the characters’ experiences. Since they have been through so much at such a young age. But what we can do is try and utilize these characters’ experiences to help inspire us to keep fighting. Towards building a more sustainable future for not only ourselves but for generations to come.


All Quiet on the Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque, is a story narrated by Paul Bäumer, about a group of young men that have signed up for the army voluntarily after listening to a patriotic speech about joining. The book talks in great detail about how the war treated men and the backlash that it gave them afterward.

she pleads with me gently: “tell me. You must tell me. I know you want to comfort me, but don’t you see, you torment me far more than if you told me the truth? I cannot bear the uncertanty.tell me how it was even though it will be terrible, it will be far better than what I have to think if you don’t.”

I chose this quote out of the book because it made me think about not being able to tell your mom something. I tell my mom just about everything, if I couldn’t tell her something that was so immense like pauls situation I wouldn’t know what to do. It also made me think about if paul was doing the right thing, it’s hard to know because sam does not want to try to remember the things that he has seen but his sick mother is sitting there begging him.


All Quite On The Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front is a novel written by Enrich Maria Remarque and was published in 1928. The book describes the physical and mental stress the German soldiers went through at the time of war, and the feeling of detachment they felt from the civilian life. It captures all of the existential terror faced by the men who fought in the great war.

The novel revolves around the views of Paul Baumer, a young German soldier that fights against the French army in WW1. Their trench experience involves the terror of shellfire, diseases, and death. In chapter 9, the German soldiers were discussing how wars exactly benefit them.

“I think it is more of a kind of fever,” says Albert. “No one in particular wants it, and then all at once there it is. We didn’t want the war, the others say the same thing- and yet half the world is in it all the same.” (9.206)

In this quotation, Albert is using fever as a symbol to explain how war is contagious and spreads without anyone actually wanting it. It also tells us how Albert believes that war is spreading like a disease and killing everything in its path. Wars usually start by one country badly offending the other. The effects of war are devastating and can have physical and psychological effects for a lifetime.

This scene is significantly important to me because the citizens and the government of a particular country must try and maintain peace throughout their land. Wars are capable of destroying cities and having long-lasting effects on a country’s economy, public health, social order, etc.



WWI Lit: Oct. 28 (All Quiet on the Western Front)

In All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque, the story follows a group of young men who were enlisted into the army. When reminiscing on their enlistment, main character Paul Bäumer talks about how only one boy, Joseph Behm, hesitated in joining up.

But he did allow himself to be persuaded, otherwise he would have been ostracized. And perhaps more of us thought as he did, but no one could very well stand out, because at the time even one’s parents were ready with the word “coward.” (p. 11)

To me, the idea that even parents would want to send their children off to war is astonishing. I can’t imagine my mother or father ever encouraging me or my brother to go off somewhere so far away and dangerous, let alone berating either of us for declining to do so. I understand that it was a different time, but still I don’t see how parents would willingly send their young kids into war to be bombed, gassed, and shot, no matter the era. You can tell when Paul returns to his hometown on leave, his mother is extremely glad to see him again, and very worried about his safety and his returning to the front. This seems like a direct contradiction to me.


All Quiet On The Western Front

The book All Quiet On The Western Front is written by Erich Maria Remarque. It is narrated by a young German nineteen-year-old soldier named Paul Bäumer, who fights on the German army on the French Front in World War One. It all started when Paul and his friends joined the army voluntarily after hearing a patriotic speech by their teacher Kantorek. After 10 weeks of brutal training, they no longer believe that war is honorable and glorious and they all live in constant terror.

I look at the portraits once more; they are clearly not rich people. I might send them money anonymously if I earn anything later on. I seize upon that, it is at least something to hold onto. This dead man is bound up with my life, therefore I must do everything, promise everything in order to save myself. (9.151)

I think that this quote is really memorable,  as the quote was able to show what Paul thinks after killing one person in war. After killing an enemy soldier, Paul vows that he will spend the rest of his life making money for the dead man’s family, I think it is really interesting as he is sacrificing the rest of his life for a cause that brings him peace.



All Quiet On The Western Front

All Quiet On The Western Front is an impactful novel written by Erich Maria Remarque, following the life of a German soldier in World War I. When Paul Bäumer, the aforementioned soldier, was deployed to face combat in the war, he demonstrates the hardships that no civilian could ever understand. Paul’s story goes in depth regarding the bonds soldiers make, the emptiness they face, and the separation that builds between them, and their former lives. This novel doesn’t glorify the war, but tells it as it is, which turns out to be an extremely lonely, devastating experience. This is revealed in the following passage concerning a passed away soldier’s (Kemmerich) mother.

I pity her, but she strikes me as rather stupid all the same. Why doesn’t she stop worrying? Kemmerich will stay dead whether she knows about it or not. When a man has seen so many dead he cannot understand and longer why there should be so much anguish over a single individual. (p. 181)

I chose this scene because I cannot begin to imagine this type of attitude, and outlook. Their lives are completely consumed by this war, and it’s affecting them more than we can understand. However, this novel is helping me to comprehend that this was the only mindset soldiers could have in order to survive. They were surrounded by constant death, disappointment, and fear, that any type of connection or relationship would likely result in heartbreak. I thought that this passage was extremely powerful, because it made me realize the true importance and effects that opening up to someone can have. This level is much more extreme, considering the fact that it’s life or death, however it can be applicable to many. Furthermore, this paragraph is showing a very different perspective on self importance and quality of life, because it seems that it was very depleted during World War I. It’s very unfortunate that lives weren’t more appreciated, nevertheless, it seems that that emotion would have only made this more complicated, and distressing.


All Quiet on the Western Front / Independent reading

The book All Quiet on the Western Front is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque that describes the horrors of the First World War from the perspective of a young soldier. The story is told in the first person by Paul Baumer, a young man who, encouraged by his teacher, enlisted in the German army as one of a group of seven boyhood friends. Paul went home for holidays and met his classmate Mittelstaedt, now a training officer, that his old schoolmaster Kantorek has been conscripted into the war.

Mittelstaedt stops in front of him: “Territorial Kantorek, do you call those buttons polished? You seem as though you can never learn. Inadequate, Kantorek, quite inadequate–”
It makes me bubble with glee. In school Kantorek used to chasten Mittelstaedt with exactly the same expression–“Inadequate, Mittelstaedt, quite inadequate.”
Mittelstaedt continues to upbraid him: “Look at Boettcher now, there’s a model for you to learn from.” (p.175-176)

Mittelstadt arranged to be placed in charge of Kantorek’s company. Mittlestaedt has taken every chance to humiliate him, miming Kantorek’s admonitions as a schoolmaster. This shows that people, as soon as they have the opportunity to exercise power, also use it to take revenge for earlier situations. That’s why you should always treat other people correctly and with dignity so that you don’t get into such a situation of revenge later.



All quiet on the western front written by Erich Maria Remarque, in this part they are talking about a soldier and his parents, they say what they see in this situation about what the soldier does.

My mother is pleased to see me wearing civilian clothes, it makes me less strange to her. But my father would rather I kept my uniform on so that he could take me to visit his acquaintances.

I chose this quote because I am interested in what his parents think of him, and if they are proud or not, because I think it’s important to know if your parents like what you do or if they think it’s bad for you, because being at war is difficult. Pg164.


The City of Ember

The City of Ember is a good book to read as it teaches you many life lessons. As I was reading, a great quote that I came across was –

The trouble with anger is, it gets hold of you. And then you aren’t the master of yourself anymore.

People often are affected by anger, especially in situations where they don’t get what they desire. Anger is one of those emotions that will gain power over you if you let it. You must learn how to control your anger, as it can be dangerous to express your anger in some situations and can have serious consequences, physically and mentally.


Mr. MacKnight's Grade 10 English class.