What does homelessness affect?
Being homeless has an extensive range of varying effects on each individual. The longer your homeless, the harder it is to get back on your feet, and the more society prevents it. Homelessness causes feelings of personal entrapment and alienation from the rest of the world. Depression rates increase immensely when an individual becomes homeless, 22-46% have tried to commit suicide, and 61% suffer from suicidal thoughts. Mental health is affected by the state of homelessness and is a possible cause of it as well; 30-35 % of the homeless population suffers from a mental illness. Mental illness among the homeless is particularly a problem for woman; 75 % of homeless women suffer from a type of mental illness. Along with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), especially in cases of physical assault or rape. The risk of a homeless individual abusing substances and alcohol is much more likely than an individual who is not homeless, 20-25% of homeless individuals suffer from mental illnesses. In contrast, only 6% of the non-homeless population suffer from mental illnesses. Daily situations are worsened for most individuals; there is a 77% higher chance of having a rough sleep, and a 10% higher chance of being involved in prostitution. When homeless, an individual’s health risks increase. Constant exposer and lack of health care and hygiene products affect one’s health drastically and have many attached risks. Overall, homelessness negatively affects the overwhelming majority of individuals. Homelessness can also have a negative impact on communities. It can affect crime and safety, as well as how tax dollars are spent and health care resources. Overall, homelessness has consequential effects on individuals and the community.