A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that causes an individual to experience extreme, irrational fear about a situation, living creature, place or object. When an individual has a phobia, they try to shape their lives in a way to avoid encountering what they consider to be dangerous. But, phobias are diagnosable mental disorders.
If a person is faced with their phobia, it can prevent them from functioning normally which can likely lead to panic attacks. Approximately, 19 million people have phobias in The United States. There are various types of phobias such as Acrophobia, Zoophobia, Social phobia, etc. When individuals are exposed to the source of the phobia, they go through uncontrollable anxiety, sweating, abnormal breathing, accelerated heartbeat, nausea, headache, etc.
Phobias are highly treatable, and individuals are usually aware of their disorder which helps diagnosis a great deal. Speaking to a psychologist or a psychiatrist may help as they may recommend speaking to a mental health professional, or behavioral therapy. Whereas, if the phobia does not cause severe triggers, people try to simply avoid the source of their fear.